C Program to Add Two Matrices

Hello readers, today we will learn how to write a program to add two matrices using C Programming language.

C Program to Add Two Matrices

Two or more matrices of the same order can be added by adding the corresponding elements of the matrix. If A = [aij] and B = [bij] are the two matrices, having the same number of rows and columns, then the addition the matrices A and B is:

A + B = [aij] + [bij] = [aij + bij]

For example: Suppose we have two matrices A and B such that:

A = 1  2  3 ,B = 5  8  4, then A + B = (1+2) (2+8) (3+4)  =  3 10 12
    4  5  7      9  6  2               (4+9) (5+6) (7+2)     13 11 9

This program asks the user to enter the order of two matrices, and elements of each of the matrices. And, then it adds both of them using the above formula.

So, without any delay, let’s begin this tutorial.

Table of Contents

C Program to Add Two Matrices

C Program

// C Program to Add Two Matrices
#include <stdio.h>
int main(){
    int row, col, i, j, a[25][25], b[25][25], sum[25][25];
    
    // Asking for input
    printf("Enter the no. of rows (between 1 and 25): ");
    scanf("%d", &row);
    printf("Enter the no. of columns (between 1 and 25): ");
    scanf("%d", &col);
    
    printf("Enter elements of the first matrix: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            scanf("%d", &a[i][j]);
        }
    }
    
    printf("Enter elements of the second matrix: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            scanf("%d", &b[i][j]);
        }
    }
    
    // Adding two matrices
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            sum[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];
        }
    }
    
    // Displaying the result
    printf("Sum of two matrices: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            printf("%d ", sum[i][j]);
        }
        printf("\n");
    }
    return 0;
}

Output

Enter the no. of rows (between 1 and 25): 2
Enter the no. of columns (between 1 and 25): 3

Enter elements of the first matrix: 
2 4 6
8 10 12

Enter elements of the second matrix: 
1 3 5
7 9 11

Sum of two matrices: 
3 7 11 
15 19 23 
C Program to Add Two Matrices

Explanation

    int row, col, i, j, a[25][25], b[25][25], sum[25][25];

In this program, we have declared four int data type variables named row, col, i, j and three arrays.

    // Asking for input
    printf("Enter the no. of rows (between 1 and 25): ");
    scanf("%d", &row);
    printf("Enter the no. of columns (between 1 and 25): ");
    scanf("%d", &col);

Then, the user is asked to enter the no. of rows and columns of the matrix.

    printf("Enter elements of the first matrix: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            scanf("%d", &a[i][j]);
        }
    }
    
    printf("Enter elements of the second matrix: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            scanf("%d", &b[i][j]);
        }
    }

Now, the user is asked to enter the elements of each of the matrices.

    // Adding two matrices
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            sum[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];
        }
    }

We add these two matrices by using the formula:

A + B = [aij] + [bij] = [aij + bij]

    // Displaying the result
    printf("Sum of two matrices: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < row; i++){
        for (j = 0; j < col; j++){
            printf("%d ", sum[i][j]);
        }
        printf("\n");
    }

Finally, the sum of two matrices is displayed on the screen in tabular form using printf() function.

Conclusion

I hope after reading this post, you understand how to add two numbers using C Programming language.

If you have any doubt regarding the program, let us know in the comment section. We will be delighted to solve your query.

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